Facts & Figures
Nahua (2nd language among some Amerindians)
7,185,218 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
mestizo 90% (mixed indigenous & European), white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, other religions 4.9%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)
total: 21,041 sq km
country comparison to the world: 153
land: 20,721 sq km
water: 320 sq km
US State size and shape comparison: Massachusetts
tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
Infant mortality rate:
total: 21.52 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 100
(100 countries have a worse rate; 123 countries have a better rate; US rank: 180)
Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne (usually insect) diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)
Currency: $ (US Dollar )
GDP – per capita (PPP):
$6,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Population below poverty line:
30.7% (2006 est.)
March 12, 2014 PresentHigh violent crime from organized gangs; highest emigration to the US by % of population.
March 12, 2014 2005CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Act) passed in US Congress; Chinese competition for small manufacturing limits economic growth.
March 12, 2014 2001Two massive earthquakes devastate central country.
March 12, 2014 1999Hurricane Mitch floods eastern country.
March 12, 2014 1992War ends; small manufacturing in Free Trade Zones (especially textiles) begins.
March 12, 2014 1980-89civil war rages; US sends money and logistical support; 75,000 people die, ends soon after the murders of 6 Jesuits and two women.
March 12, 2014 1980War starts: March 24-Archbishop Romero assassinated December 2-four North American churchwomen killed August 15-COAR founded for war orphans.
March 12, 2014 1977–79unrest and demand for land reform; leaders arise from church groups unrest and demand for land reform; leaders arise from church groups.
March 12, 2014 1932La Matanza (the Massacre), 30,000 peasants killed after riots for better land distribution.
March 12, 2014 1821–1932King Coffee--main export and source of income.
March 12, 2014 1821Independence from Spain.
March 12, 2014 1525First Spanish explorers arrive; large plantations are created until very few families and businesses own almost all of the land
March 12, 2014 11001100 The Pupil people of the Aztec civilization move into Mayan Indian lands
Flag of El Salvador
Learn more about Zaragoza, El Salvador, COAR’s hometown.