Apr 17 – A former Salvadoran defense minister faces deportation after a U.S. judge in Miami found that atrocities committed by troops under his command were not fully investigated, much less prosecuted. Those atrocities include the killings of Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero, four U.S. churchwomen [two from Cleveland, OH], and more than 1,000 peasants at El Mozote, the worst massacre of civilians in contemporary Latin American history.
High violent crime from organized gangs; highest emigration to the US by % of population.
CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Act) passed in US Congress; Chinese competition for small manufacturing limits economic growth.
Two massive earthquakes devastate central country.
Hurricane Mitch floods eastern country.
War ends; small manufacturing in Free Trade Zones (especially textiles) begins.